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wood | Properties

by saira


It is also referred to as wood. Wood is a different substance that is required for finishing work of the house to make doors, door frames and architraves.

It is also used for jamb frames, door frames, and more. Since it is a natural material for construction that has certain properties like moisture content, toughness, elasticity, strength and so on. The characteristics are different between different types of woods, and depend on the season and surrounding.

When it is extracted from trees, the wood is composed of moisture that must be dried prior to using it for commercial use. The normal and acceptable level of moisture content of timber is 8-12percent. If the timber isn’t dried and the moisture content is not within acceptable limits, the possibility of shrinking and swelling could occur in the wood.

The wood shrinks because of a decrease in moisture content, and expands with an increase in moisture content. This cycle continues until moisture levels are at par and is in equilibrium with the temperature and humidity of the air.

The process is managed if the wood has been correctly dried using the process known as KD (Kiln dried). When purchasing, the word KD is usually affixed to bags of wood to indicate that it was dried in a kiln.

Wood Price in Pakistan

The market for wood is called by the names of the trees that are harvested. The most frequently used woods used for the construction of homes are:


It is easily recognized by its creamy white hue immediately after extraction and change to a light brown color as it gets dried. It is characterized as light and soft wood that has extremely low crushing and bending strengths.

That is not a suggested wood if high-quality and aesthetics of woodwork is to be achieved. This kind of wood is susceptible to termites and other bugs even when properly treated.

The current price for Partal timber in Lahore Price: The price is Rs 2700/cft(Imported)


Local pinewood is also known in the form of Kail. Pakistani Kail is a high-quality and inexpensive wood utilized in the construction of houses. Although it isn’t as widespread as it was in the past, due to this, the cost has increased.

When you purchase Kail wood, be sure you purchase Local Kail because many other Kail types imported from the United States are also available including German Kail or Malaysian Kail, which are less expensive and have lower quality when compared to the local Kail.

The current cost of Pakistani Kail wood in Lahore The price range is between Rs 2700 and 3800 per cubic foot.

Price of Kail wood imported from Lahore the range of Rs 3000 to 3600 per cubic foot

Yellow pine

The timber is imported in shape of sacks in America and is sourced from various pine trees. It is characterized by straight and round grains with patterns. This can be distinguished by its yellowish-colored color. It is not too inexpensive nor is it too costly however it is recommended only for doors with frames (chogath). Its grain is noticeable and rough surface, even after grinding it to a high degree, giving an unnatural appearance after polishing. It also exhibits more movement due to expanding and shrinking even after it is dry kiln-fired.

Price of yellow pine wood in Lahore from Rs 3800 to 5800/cft

Ash Wood

The most widely used wood for constructions of high quality are Ash wood. It’s not cheap or expensive, but it has excellent characteristics like moderate strength in crushing and bending with less movement in the form of swelling and shrinkage. Straight grains are the color is white brownish.

The current price for Ash timber in Lahore from Rs 9000 to $9600/cft


Mohagni is a very high-quality and highly recommended wood that is used for quality constructions. It is less expensive than diyar, however it is more costly when compared to Meranti. It has a brownish red color and a smooth and smooth surface.

Like diyar, it also is resistant to termite attacks , and has very little movement once it is dried. Due to its hardness , it is recommended for doors. The only downside is that it cannot be coated with a dark polish because of its dark tones. It comes in two different qualities: both sapele and mohaagni.

Price for Mohagni lumber in Lahore Price: 6500 Rs/cft

Price for Mohagni(sapele) lumber in Lahore the city of Lahore is Rs 8000/cft.


Also known by the name “Diyar wood”, extracted from the national tree of Pakistan. It is extremely tough however, it is costly wood that is used for the construction of homes. It is smooth, straight and evenly grain texture.

It’s characteristic is minimal or no movement. i.e. shrinking and swelling is not a common place in this kind of wood. It is also not susceptible to termites and other insect attacks.

The current cost of Deodar/Diyar Wood in Lahore in the range of Between Rs. 4500 and 9000 per cubic foot

Red Oak

Similar to ash wood oak is a different hardwood that comes in yellowish and reddish brown shades. Its grains are very thin that are straight and open. The majority of oak wood is used to make furniture and cabinets and should not be used for doors as it will become almost grainless after polishing.

Present cost for oak lumber in Lahore The price is Rs 8500/cft.

Meranti dark brown

Like mohagni too and mohagni, meranti is a different hardwood which is available in dark brown and reddish shades. It has extremely thin grains open and straight. It is difficult to distinguish from mohagni as it is the grains and color are similar therefore care must be taken when purchasing mohagni because the dark brown meranti is offered in the market by various sellers under the name mohagni. Meranti in dark brown is less expensive than mohaagni.

The current price for dark brown meranti wood Lahore the price is Rs 5600/cft

Green Maple

Another wood from the United States with a unique the color, smooth grain and toughness makes maple a favorite choice for woodworkers of all kinds. Maple wood is a very fine consistent texture, with a mostly straight grain, however there are it can be characterized by variations like birdseye flame, tiger and wavy or even fiddleback. This wood is ideal for doors, however it is most often utilized in furniture that is of high-end quality.

The current price of the green maple timber in Lahore price: $ 6100/cft

Quality inspection at the site

The quality of wood can be checked by an experienced expert. As a layman, when buying wood, the quality check should be carried out

  • The wood should be labeled with the KD “Kiln dried” on it particularly if it’s imported(not applicable to all woods like yellow pine for Chogaths). Certain indigenous woods have been air dried, in which the label KD is not necessary. If you can, check the content of moisture using a moisture meters and it must be within the acceptable range of 8-12%.
  • The wood board’s edges shouldn’t have too many cracks that are crazy, since it means that the wood was dried too fast. In such instances, the exterior of the boards are dried while leaving the wood core moist and with moisture.
  • Find knots that are present in the wood. Small knots that don’t extend throughout the entire depth of the wood are fine. But the preferred knot should be zero or a minimum of knots that are possible.
  • Purchase wood that has been cut to a dimensions that leave the least amount of waste or even zero. E.g. If your doors are typical size, 7 feet. and 3.5 feet. buy wood boards that are long of either 14 feet. or 10 feet.

Quantity check at site

Quantity of timber is measured in cubic feet. However it is calculated in inches and then converted into feet if timber is sawed into lengths that are 2 inches wide since most of woodwork such as making of doors is carried out in maximum height of length in 2 inches whereas for chogaths most commonly used is 1.5 inches.

Let us suppose we have timber sawed in lengths as shown in above image and has following measurements:

Length = 14’ (168 inches)

                        Width = 1’     (12 inches)

                        Height = 2” (2 inches)

 Total Quantity in cubic inches = Length (in.) x Width (in.) x Height (in.)

= 168 (in.) x 12 (in.) x 2 (in.)

                                                                 = 4032 in3

Now let us convert in3 to ft3

                                                       1 ft3= 1728 in3 (12 in. x 12 in. 12 in.)


   Total Quantity in cubic feet = 4032 / 1728

                                                            = 2.33 ft3.

 Add cubic feet of all timber lengths to get total quantity.


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