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Litchi Farming In India with Benefits and Cultivation Process

Litchi Farming In India

by devendra01
Litchi Farming In India with Benefits and Cultivation Process

Litchi is cultivate in many places in India. This is a very juicy fruit. Its scientific name is Lychee Chinensis. It is the only member of the genus Lychee. Its family is soapberry. It is a tropical fruit native to China. It is commonly found in Madagascar, Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, southern Taiwan, northern Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines and South Africa. Let us tell you that litchi was discovered in south China. India comes second in its production globally after China. 

Where is the cultivation of litchi in India

Litchi cultivation in India is first done in Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. But because of its increasing demand, its cultivation has started in other states also. So now it is cultivate in Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Punjab, Haryana, Uttaranchal, Assam and Tripura and West Bengal etc.

Benefits Litchi 

Dehydration can be avoid by consuming litchi. A good amount of water is found in litchi, which can help overcome the lack of water in the body. Lychee is rich in vitamin C, beta-carotene, niacin, riboflavin and folate, which can help strengthen immunity. The digestive system can keep healthy by eating litchi. It is rich in fibre which can help in improving digestion. The problem of vomiting, diarrhoea can also be avoided by its consumption in summer.

Lychee is an evergreen tree of medium height, growing to 15–20 m, with alternate, pinnate leaves, about 15–25 cm tall. Are long. The Nava Pallava are bright copper-coloured and become green by reaching full size. The flowers are of a small greenish-white or yellowish-white colour and are 30 cm long. Appear on a long panicle. Its fruit is 3-4 cm. And its rind of 3 cm diameter is pinkish-reddish to maroon grainy, which is inedible and easily removed. Inside it is a sweet, milky white pulp, rich in vitamin C, somewhat peeled grape C, with a thick layer covering its single, brown, smooth fruit-like seed. This seed is oval in the shape of 2-1.5 measure and is inedible. Its fruits ripen from July to October, about three months after flowering.

Climate for Litchi

The temperate climate is consider suitable for litchi cultivation. It is cultivated in January-February when the weather is apparent when the temperature rises and in a dry environment. This gives more views, due to which more flowers and fruits come. In April-May, due to the average humidity in the background, pulp development and quality of the fruits improve. During the ripening of the fruit, the rain affects the colour of the fruit.

Land or soil

For litchi cultivation, sandy loam soil with a pH of 5-7 is consider best. Apart from this, it can also be cultivat in mildly acidic and laterite soils. Waterlogged areas are not suitable for litchi, so its cultivation in well-drained soil gives good results. For preparing land Mahindra 555 is the best and most prominent. 

Farm Preparation

Using a pat, the field should be plough twice diagonally and levelled. Prepare the field in such a way that water does not fill it.

Sowing Time

It is sow immediately after the monsoon in the month of August – September. Sometimes in Punjab, it is burry till November. Two-year-old plants are selected for sowing.

Method of Planting 

Litchi Plants 10x10m. should be place at a distance. Before transplanting litchi seedlings, in the month of April-May, 90x 90x 90 cm in the field. Size pits should be prepar. Fill these pits with 20-25 kg of rotted manure. Add 300 grams of Murat of Potash and 2 kilograms of Bon Meal. Fill these pits by mixing appropriate chemicals in June when the rains begin. When this soil gets suppressed by rain, Plates make around the plant, and chemicals and water keep on these plates from time to time.

Irrigation For Litchi

Watering is essential in the early stages of development. New plants should be water twice a week and old plants once a week in summer. One irrigation must after applying fertilisers. Water in late November and the first week of December to protect the crop from a fog. Irrigation is essential at the time of fruit formation. Irrigate twice a week during this period. Doing this does not cause cracks in the fruit, and fruit development is good.


The green to pink colour of the fruit and the flat surface of the fruit are the signs of fruit ripening. The fruit is broken into bunches. Some twigs and leaves should also be pluck along with them when plucking fruits. For selling in the domestic market, it should be harvested after it is fully ripe, while for sending to distant areas, it should be harvested when the fruit turns pink. The Mahindra Arjun 605 is excellent for harvesting because it offers good performance in the fields. 

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